11. PRIMARY view: GRIN: 405245. The timber has a good abrasion resistance and is very strong. Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. macrocarpa is seen in pieces large enough to be at all common. Summary   It occurs in bush, littoral scrub and evergreen forest. The Latin word olea and its Greek cognate elaia have signified an olive fruit, and by transference the tree, since earliest times; this is further indicated by the irregular declension of the word in classical Latin. Carr, J.D. It is widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa from the east in Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan, south to the tip of South Africa, and west to Cameroon, Sierra Leone and the Islands Olea capensis (syn. SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape, Aspect: Full Sun, Shade, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade), Hugh, what a delight it was to read your article! ISBN 9780620460194. But in partial shade in an area that will remain a large garden for centuries, there can be few finer trees. Olea capensis and Olea laurifolia. Riekie, hi everyone ); kleinysterhout , basterswartysterhout, basterysterhout, bucku, buckuhout, swartysterhout, valsysterhout, witboekenhout (Afr. The family Oleaceae comprises some 24 genera including 800 species, many of which are garden or agricultural staples, and others which deserve to be more widely known. ); ysterhout , swartysterhout (Afr. its a beautiful wood. In Immelman, W.F.E., Wicht, C.L. It is a protected species in three provinces; … Branchlets terete. It is an excellent turnery wood, and is used for a wide range of decorative items. Among the former we may number not only the cultivated olive, Olea europaea, but also Jasmine (Jasminum, many species), Ash ( Fraxinus, many species), true lilac ( Syringa , not to be confused with Melia, though both genera can be invasive) and privet ( Ligustrum ). Most forest trees are intimately associated with root fungi (mycorrhiza) to the benefit not only of both obvious partners, but to many surrounding plants and fungi of different species. 1973. A revision of Olea (Oleaceae). Plant Description: Olea capensis is a shrub with leathery, glossy leaves and compact heads of small, white, sweetly scented flowers start flowering when still young, making it an ideal container plant. 2002. 40 taxa of evergreen shrubs and trees classified in three subgenera, Olea, Paniculatae and Tetrapilus, the first of which has two sections (Olea and Ligustroides).Olive trees (the O. europaea complex) have been the subject of intensive research, whereas little is known about the … Type of Olea hochstetteri Baker [family OLEACEAE] ... the shining green upper surface of the leaf contrasts with the dull lower surface. macrocarpa abnormal forms with intermittently corky bark are known. It is also the one of the world's hardest woods according to the Janka hardness test. Ssp. macrocarpa ) or 10 m tall (subsp. Kew Bulletin 57: 91-140. Oleaceae. europaea complex” (Green & Wickens, 1989). Olea capensis (synonyms are Olea undulata and O. laurifolia) is also called black ironwood.. Friis & P.S. macrocarpa ) or 10 m tall (subsp. Crous, P.W., Rong, I.H., Wood, A., Lee, S., Glen, H., Botha, W., Slippers, B., De Beer, W.Z., Wingfield, M. & Hawksworth, D.L. The genus includes not only one of the world's major agricultural crops, but also several important timber trees. 41: 36. The fruits are fleshy and in some subspecies quite large, so becoming attractive to at least moderately large birds (such as pigeons and, where they co-occur with the trees - not in the southern Cape - Hornbills), and mammals such as monkeys, bushpigs and elephants. capensis … Bark: light grey, becoming dark grey and vertically fissured with age; a characteristic blackish gum is exuded from bark wounds. There are 6 taxa of Olea found in South Africa with 2 endemic taxa: Olea capensis subsp. Noteworthy Characteristics. The fruit of all subspecies is fleshy, becoming purple-black when ripe; in subsp. The wood is grey-brown to brown, straight-grained with an attractive figure, very hard and heavy (and therefore difficult to work but very durable), and oily; only the wood of subsp. , The species has been divided into 3 subspecies:. Once your tree is established there is little short of a direct hit from a small nuclear device that can harm it - the wood is so hard that it is more likely to destroy an unwary feller's tools than the other way around! studied by botanists and are grouped in the subgenus Olea section Olea which is currently named “O. 1994. Unlike the last named, the trees are not built with staircases up to the roof, and so canopy ecology of African forests is essentially unknown. Some related trees are known to live for 2000 to 3000 years; the lifespan of ironwood trees in cultivation is not known, but is unlikely to be much less than that. I read your great article and thought that I would share my little bit with you guys...The 3 strips in the neck and the 2 tops on the body are black iron wood. Captions. Crous et al . Pl. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon* of the species Olea capensis L. in the genus Olea (family Oleaceae). Red List of South African plants 2009. They have antioxidant, antihypertensive, antiatermogenic, antiinflammatory, hypocolesterolemic and hypoglycemic properties and contain many bioactive compounds similar to olive oil benefits. This is definitely a tree you plant for your grandchildren. I am a luthier and I use it often in my guitars. : 8 Obtained from specific parts of the olive tree (Olea europaea), this new proprietary phytochemical extract is not only safe, but is also a nontoxic immune system builder. I warps very quickly. 3–1 mm. Seedlings and, occasionally, saplings can be bought from a good indigenous nursery. The great variation in leaf shape and texture is particularly noticeable between specimens from the three main habitats, littoral scrub, bush and forest. Elsewhere in Africa it thrives in similar habitats, though possibly extending into drier areas in, for example, the Comores. It would be the wrong choice in, for example, a shopping centre parking lot, where the management are unlikely to resist the temptation to flatten everything for building for more than about ten years at a stretch. The flowers of all olives are small, white and faintly scented, so one may expect their pollinators to be small, night-flying insects. Gonzalez Minero, F. J & Candau, P. 1997. It grows slowly, but lasts for ever in a garden, and you are unlikely to see the full glory of your handiwork in less than a hundred years after you have planted it. macrocarpa ) as an emergent tree in medium moist to moist High Forest in the southern Cape, where it is second in size only to the giant yellowwoods which are the big trees that attract tourists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. It has a self-supporting growth form. Not registered yet? Olea capensis is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. ISBN 9781920146016. The shrubby plants from the littoral usually have large broad coarse leaves while in the … The leaf of olive tree called Olea europaea has been used as a nutrient. , Other common names in English include ironwood, ironwood olive, East African olive and Elgon olive. capensis ) ranges from Clanwilliam in the Western Cape around the coast to southern KwaZulu-Natal. Olea capensis - Ironwood Tree - Cape Town 6.jpg 4,752 × 3,168; 6.52 MB Olea capensis capensis - Cape Town garden 2.jpg 1,217 × 1,571; 434 KB Olea capensis capensis tree in flower cape town.JPG 2,272 × 1,640; 854 KB Dictionary of names for southern African trees . The ash tree has a compound leaf, which is also composed of leaflets arranged oppositely. The other two subspecies present in southern Africa are found in less favoured parts of the forest, and on seaward forest margins. Olea laurifolia is no longer recognised as a species, but has been sunk under Olea europaea subsp. Von Breitenbach (1974) and Van der Merwe (2002) record black ironwood (subsp. Happy the grandchild who inherits a garden shaded by a black ironwood tree, for they have grandparents of great foresight and intelligence. africana. capensis ) small ironwood , black ironwood, buchuwood, buckutree, false ironwood (Eng. These trees have some tolerance to drought and frost, so a relatively sheltered, well-watered site is probably helpful. Terms and Conditions; Related Materials. Early uses of indigenous wood. Olea capensis L. Olea capensis Buchoz Common names black ironwood in English ijzerhout in Afrikaans Bibliographic References. Olea europaea leaf (Ph.Eur.) The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 355136 ) with original publication details: Sp. Corolla Kew Bull. Transcription Type [top of sheet] Olea 2. capensis: Author: Linnaeus, Carl Collection history: Clifford, G. > Linnaeus, C. enervis ) often grows in rocky places in Bushveld, from the Eastern Cape to Limpopo and beyond. Examples of trees and shrubs with an opposite leaf arrangement: Ash trees (Fraxinus spp.). Plant your new tree according to the method described by Carr (1994), which will enable it to get established relatively quickly. An authoritative source (Mabberley, 2008) informs us that ironwoods have the heaviest known timber, with a recorded specific gravity of 1.49. ); moraÃ¸ane (North Sotho); sinhletje (siSwati); musiri (tshiVenda); umsishane (isiZulu) (subsp. I laminate it with other woods, it loves danish oil. Doug. macrocarpa it is strikingly similar in appearance to the commercial Kalamata olive, (about 15-20 mm long), but in the other subspecies only about half that size. Finally, dead wood is recycled by a different suite of fungi, the fruiting bodies of some of which may be seen from time to time as mushrooms and brackets. 4 487 (1907). & Ackerman, D.P. The most recent revision of our genus (Green, 2002) recognises 33 species, widely distributed in Africa, Asia, as far east as Indonesia and China, Australia and nearby islands, and the Mediterranean region as far west as Macaronesia. Buckutree, false ironwood ( Eng about the same node on opposite sides of the stem forest trees it... Two leaves arise from the forest canopy, less so otherwise pointed out some time ago that only 5. As well as several of its isolated phenolics inhibit the gout-related enzyme xanthine.... Ovoid up to 2 x 1 cm so otherwise into 3 subspecies: [ ]. Are extremely long-lived fissured with age Hartwig ( 1973 ) reports the of. ; in subsp [ 4 ] it occurs also composed of leaflets arranged oppositely by Carr 1994! Excellent turnery wood, and fruit may be seen at any time of southern., glabrous shaded by a black ironwood tree, for example, the timber has a compound leaf, is... ( 2006 ) pointed out some time ago that only about 5 % of trees... Common names black ironwood ( Eng divided into 3 subspecies: [ 3 ] moraøane ( Sotho... ; moraøane ( North Sotho ) ; igqwanxe, umhlebe, umnquma-swile ( isiXhosa ), or tree-shrubs 3-6 tall. Rock ironwood ( Eng southern African subspecies of ironwood as a bonsai than... 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